evolution-of-the-web

They had no idea of how big it was going to be. They were not even trying to make what it became. But what it became; changed the way we live. Changed the way we used to commute. Affected our lives in so many ways I can’t describe in a short article like this. In some fields it was outstandingly helpful and in some fairly entertaining and engaging to consume so many sleeping hours (I bet online gamers will agree on that). Yes, I am talking about the Internet, talking about the World Wide Web. This is the first article on Web Roxtar. So I wanted to dedicate it to the very cause without which Web Roxtar and other websites would not have been possible. Yes, the Web.

A for? No not Apple here, its ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency). It’s ARPA where it all got started after in 1960 Joseph Licklider published the paper Man-Computer Symbiosis. Although it showed the potential but its adaptation came much later in 1969 when four connected computers were set up as a network. They called it the ARPANET. They used a technique to split the data requests to smaller chunks known as packets. This Packet Switching concept was widely adapted and in use today also.

Universities, business organisations wanted to implement this network facility. So many private networks were formed. This gave rise to different protocols being used by different organisations. To solve this, in December 1974 first draft of TCP (then called Transmission Control Program) was published. By 1982 TCP/IP protocol was in action and so also Internet. But we had neither any fancy looking web pages nor cool stuffs like online Gaming.

Enter the Web

Ok, we have the Internet. The technology to access some other computer, but what to do with it !! There was Gopher in late 1990s which allowed you to distribute, search and retrieve documents from the Internet. It was popular until February 1983 when University of Minnesota where Gopher was developed announced licensing charges for use of Gopher. This led people to find alternative solution and CERN(European Council for Nuclear Research) where Sir Tim Berners Lee was working on something similar got the attention. He had called it World Wide Web, so the World Wide Web was born. Then came the programs i.e. browsers to display and browse hypertext files present on the Internet. Mosiac was the earliest one. Opera, Netscape, IE and many others followed.

Standardisation of World Wide Web

In May 1994 the first international WWW conference was held and in September 1994 Beners Lee founded WorldWideWebConsortium (W3C) at MIT.

Dot-com Boom

Web had many promising possibilities, so a lot of start-ups jumped in and the dot-com boom started. In 2001 the bubble burst many start-ups failed. Some of them did well also and survived.

Web 2.0

Beginningin2002,new ideas for sharing and exchanging content adhoc, such as Weblogs and RSS, rapidly gained acceptance on the Web. This new model for information exchange, primarily featuring DIY user-edited and generated websites, was coined Web2.0.

Google

Well, I don’t need to say anything about Google to you except one thing. Google is surely a landmark in the field of World Wide Web and it has become for the Web what Windows is for computers.

Facebook

Nothing to introduce here also. You probably know more than me as I don’t use Facebook often.

The World Wide Web has evolved, but it is like still in its infancy with new applications getting added day by day and web technologies improving and evolving at such a fast rate. So here comes Web Roxtar with the goal of providing the best of the web technology news, tutorials, resources, articles and information to web developers, designers and enthusiasts.

Well so much words! Perhaps you are feeling as if you are in a history class. It’s boring I know. So I left the technical part of the web like JavaScript, PHP, HTML5 etc, but below is a link to a very beautiful visual application that will show you the evolution of the web graphically.

http://evolutionofweb.appspot.com/

Oh wait! Didn’t I miss one thing? W for? Is it Web? Well, you can come up with a lot of things but it’s “Web Roxtar” in this context. Probably few more years after this first post Web Roxtar will be serving its purpose quite well and will be enjoying the love of its readers, who knows!!